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## Warm Up Find the value of each variable. 1. x 2. y 3. z

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**Warm Up**Find the value of each variable. 1.x2.y 3.z 2 18 4**Objectives**Prove and apply properties of parallelograms. Use properties of parallelograms to solve problems. Vocabulary parallelogram**Helpful Hint**Opposite sides of a quadrilateral do not share a vertex. Opposite angles do not share a side. Any polygon with four sides is a quadrilateral. However, some quadrilaterals have special properties. These special quadrilaterals are given their own names.**A quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides is a**parallelogram. To write the name of a parallelogram, you use the symbol .**In CDEF, DE = 74 mm,**DG = 31 mm, and mFCD = 42°. Find CF. opp. sides Example 1A: Properties of Parallelograms CF = DE Def. of segs. CF = 74 mm Substitute 74 for DE.**In CDEF, DE = 74 mm,**DG = 31 mm, and mFCD = 42°. Find mEFC. cons. s supp. Example 1B: Properties of Parallelograms mEFC + mFCD = 180° mEFC + 42= 180 Substitute 42 for mFCD. mEFC = 138° Subtract 42 from both sides.**In CDEF, DE = 74 mm,**DG = 31 mm, and mFCD = 42°. Find DF. diags. bisect each other. Example 1C: Properties of Parallelograms DF = 2DG DF = 2(31) Substitute 31 for DG. DF = 62 Simplify.**opp. sides**Check It Out! Example 1a In KLMN, LM = 28 in., LN = 26 in., and mLKN = 74°. Find KN. LM = KN Def. of segs. LM = 28 in. Substitute 28 for DE.**opp. s **Check It Out! Example 1b In KLMN, LM = 28 in., LN = 26 in., and mLKN = 74°. Find mNML. NML LKN mNML = mLKN Def. of s. mNML = 74° Substitute 74° for mLKN. Def. of angles.**diags. bisect each other.**Check It Out! Example 1c In KLMN, LM = 28 in., LN = 26 in., and mLKN = 74°. Find LO. LN = 2LO 26 = 2LO Substitute 26 for LN. LO = 13 in. Simplify.**opp. s **Example 2A: Using Properties of Parallelograms to Find Measures WXYZ is a parallelogram. Find YZ. YZ = XW Def. of segs. 8a – 4 = 6a + 10 Substitute the given values. Subtract 6a from both sides and add 4 to both sides. 2a = 14 a = 7 Divide both sides by 2. YZ = 8a – 4 = 8(7) – 4 = 52**cons. s supp.**Example 2B: Using Properties of Parallelograms to Find Measures WXYZ is a parallelogram. Find mZ. mZ + mW = 180° (9b + 2)+ (18b –11) = 180 Substitute the given values. Combine like terms. 27b – 9 = 180 27b = 189 b = 7 Divide by 27. mZ = (9b + 2)° = [9(7) + 2]° = 65°**diags. bisect each other.**Check It Out! Example 2a EFGH is a parallelogram. Find JG. EJ = JG Def. of segs. 3w = w + 8 Substitute. 2w = 8 Simplify. w = 4 Divide both sides by 2. JG = w + 8 = 4 + 8 = 12**diags. bisect each other.**Check It Out! Example 2b EFGH is a parallelogram. Find FH. FJ = JH Def. of segs. 4z – 9 = 2z Substitute. 2z = 9 Simplify. z = 4.5 Divide both sides by 2. FH = (4z – 9) + (2z) = 4(4.5) – 9 + 2(4.5) = 18**Remember!**When you are drawing a figure in the coordinate plane, the name ABCD gives the order of the vertices.**L**K J Example 3: Parallelograms in the Coordinate Plane Three vertices of JKLM are J(3, –8), K(–2, 2), and L(2, 6). Find the coordinates of vertex M. Since JKLM is a parallelogram, both pairs of opposite sides must be parallel. Step 1 Graph the given points.**Step 2 Find the slope of by counting the units from K to**L. • The rise from 2 to 6 is 4. • The run of –2 to 2 is 4. L K J Example 3 Continued • Step 3 Start at J and count the • same number of units. • A rise of 4 from –8 is –4. • A run of 4 from 3 is 7. Label (7, –4) as vertex M. M**Step 4 Use the slope formula to verify that**L K M J Example 3 Continued The coordinates of vertex M are (7, –4).**Q**S P Check It Out! Example 3 Three vertices of PQRS are P(–3, –2), Q(–1, 4), and S(5, 0). Find the coordinates of vertex R. Since PQRS is a parallelogram, both pairs of opposite sides must be parallel. Step 1 Graph the given points.**Step 2 Find the slope of by counting the units from P**to Q. • The rise from –2 to 4 is 6. • The run of –3 to –1 is 2. Q S P Check It Out! Example 3 Continued R • Step 3 Start at S and count the • same number of units. • A rise of 6 from 0 is 6. • A run of 2 from 5 is 7. Label (7, 6) as vertex R.**Step 4 Use the slope formula to verify that**R Q S P Check It Out! Example 3 Continued The coordinates of vertex R are (7, 6).